Elements Of Fractional Distillation, Fourth Edition by Shove Robinson Clark

Elements Of Fractional Distillation, Fourth Edition

Download Elements Of Fractional Distillation, Fourth Edition

Elements Of Fractional Distillation, Fourth Edition Shove Robinson Clark
Language: English
Page: 509
Format: pdf
ISBN: 1443720607, 9781443720601
Publisher: Blatter Press (November 4, 2008)

Elements of Fractional Distillation By CLARK SHOVE ROBINSON AND EDWIN RICHARD GLLLILAND. PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION: This book and the early revisions were the result of the efforts of Professor Robinson, and he took an active part in guiding the revision of the previous edition. His death made it necessary to prepare this edition without his helpful guidance and counsel. The present revision differs extensively from the previous edition. The material has been modified to bring it more closely into line with the graduate instruction in distillation at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Much greater emphasis has been placed on the measurement, prediction, and use of vapor-liquid equilibria because it is believed that this is one of the most serious limitations in design calculations. Greater emphasis has also been placed upon the use of enthalpy balances, and the treatment of batch distillation has been considerably expanded. Unfortunately, the design calculations for this type of operation are still in an unsatisfactory status. Azeotropic and extractive distillation are considered as an extension of conventional multicomponent problems. The sections on column design and column performance have been completely rewritten and increased in scope. In all cases quantitative examples have been given because it has been found that this greatly aids the student in understanding descriptive material. During the last 15 years a large number of design methods have been proposed for multicomponent mixtures, some of which are reviewed in Chapter 12. Most of these do not appear to offer any great advantage over the conventional Sorel method, and it is believed that the law of diminishing returns has been applying in this field for some time. It is hoped that the present edition will stimulate some of these investigators to transfer their efforts to more critical problems, such as vapor-liquid equilibria, batch distillation, transient conditions within the distillation system, and column performance. EDWIN RICHARD GILLILAND CAMBRIDGE, MASS. July, 1960. PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION: The subject of fractional distillation has received but scant attention from, writers in the English language since Sidney Young published his book Fractional Distillation in 1903 London. French and German authors have, on the other hand, produced a number of books on the subject, among the more important of which are the following La Rectification et les colonnes rectificatriccs en distillerie, E. Barbet, Paris, 1890 2d ed., 1895. Der Wirkungsweise der Rcctificir und Destillir Apparate, E. Hausbrand, Berlin, 1893 3d ed., 1910. Theorie der Verdampfimg und Verfliissung von gemischcn und der fraktionierten Destination, J. P. Kuenen, Leipzig, 1906. Theorie der Gewinnung und Trennung der atherischen Olc durch Destination, C. von Rechenberg, Leipzig, 1910. La Distillation fractione e et la rectification, Charles Manlier, Paris, 1917. Youngs Fractional Distillation, although a model for its kind, has to do almost entirely with the aspects of the subject as viewed from the chemical laboratory, and there has been literally no work in English available for the engineer and plant operator dealing with the applications of the laboratory processes to the plant. The use of the modern types of distilling equipment is growing at a very rapid rate. Manufacturers of chemicals are learning that they must refine their products in order to market them successfully, and it is often true that fractional distillation offers the most available if not the only way of accomplishing this... MORE EBOOKS:
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